Macau was former Portuguese colony, it was returned to Chinese sovereignty on 20 December 1999.
It is now the world's top casino market, surpassing Las Vegas as an autonomous territory in China.
Macau preserves its history in the midst of rapid change.
Beginning in 1535, the Portuguese used Macau as its base for China trade. And they built the Jesuit church of Sao Paulo in 1620. It was burned down in 1835, leaving only its very large and beautiful façade and the front stairway.
The facade of carved stone was built in 1620-27 by Japanese Christian craftsmen who were refugees after the religion was wiped out in Japan.
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